Answered By: Amy Burger
Last Updated: Jan 30, 2023     Views: 267

This situation, using what's called an "indirect citation," can be tricky. Here is the Purdue OWL's explanation:
 

Citing indirect sources in APA format

If you use a source that was cited in another source, name the original source in your signal phrase. List the secondary source in your reference list and include the secondary source in the parentheses.

Johnson argued that...(as cited in Smith, 2003, p. 102).
 

Citing indirect sources in MLA format

Sometimes you may have to use an indirect source. An indirect source is a source cited within another source. For such indirect quotations, use "qtd. in" to indicate the source you actually consulted. For example:

Ravitch argues that high schools are pressured to act as "social service centers, and they don't do that well" (qtd. in Weisman 259).

Note that, in most cases, a responsible researcher will attempt to find the original source, rather than citing an indirect source.

   

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